Alternate Energy Development Board (AEDB)

Alternate Energy Development Board is a Government of Pakistan controlled institution that is tasked with increasing the alternate energy contribution of the country to about 5% by 2030. According to the AEDB Act of 25th May 2010 following are the functions of the AEDB Board.

(a) To develop national strategy, policies and plans for utilization of alternate and renewable energy resources to achieve the targets approved by the Federal Government in consultation with the Board.

(b) To act as a forum for evaluating, monitoring and certification of alternate or renewable energy projects and products.

(c) To act as a coordinating agency for commercial application of alternate or renewable energy.

(d) To facilitate energy generation through alternate or renewable energy resources by:

(i) Acting as a one window facility for establishing, promoting and facilitating alternate or renewable energy projects based on wind, solar, micro-hydel, fuel cells, tidal, ocean, biogas, biomass etc.

(ii) Setting up alternate and renewable energy projects on it's own or through joint ventures or partnership with public or private entities in order to create awareness and motivation of the need to take such initiatives for the benefit of general public as well as by evaluating concept notes and technologies from technical and financial perspective.

(iii) Conducting feasibility studies and surveys to identify opportunities for power generation and other applications through alternate and renewable energy resources.

(iv) Undertaking technical, financial and economic evaluation of the alternate and renewable energy proposals as well as providing assistance in filing of required licensing applications and tariff petitions to NEPRA established under the Regulation of Generation Transmission and Distribution of Electric Power Act, 1997.

(v) Interacting and coordinating with national and international agencies for promotion and development of alternate energy.

(vi) Assisting the development and implementation of plans with concerned authorities and provincial governments and special areas for off grid electrification of rural areas.

(vii) Making legislative proposals to enforce use and installation of equipment utilizing renewable energy.

Cave Houses Around the World

It is well known that cave houses provide a noise free and weather proof environment (cool during the summer and warm during the winter). These structures also shield one from man-made Electromagnetic radiation that is present everywhere. Furthermore, since most of the materials used in construction are local, the environmental impact is minimal. Shown below are some cave houses from around the world. Some are simple dwellings with the most basic necessities, while other have running water, electricity and wireless access, so are great for renting, of course you can also find other options such as flats to rent canary wharf if you're looking for your own place to rent. If you don’t want to deal with months of stress leading up to your relocation, having moving experts on your side is well worth the expense. While the idea of a DIY move might seem tempting and more personal, the advantages of hiring professional moving companies like Three Movers cannot be understated. If you want to release your stress, try visiting the bcfun website for some enjoyment.

Cave houses have been utilized for centuries across various cultures and regions, offering inhabitants a unique blend of natural insulation, protection, and sustainability. Let's delve further into their characteristics and advantages:

Natural Insulation: The thermal mass of the surrounding earth helps regulate temperatures inside cave houses, keeping them cool in summer and warm in winter. This natural insulation, combined with modern innovations such as spray foam insulation, reduces the need for artificial heating and cooling systems, resulting in energy savings and lower utility bills.

Noise Reduction: The dense earth walls of cave houses act as effective barriers against external noise, providing residents with a serene and peaceful living environment. This feature is particularly appealing for those seeking refuge from urban noise pollution.

Protection from Electromagnetic Radiation: The thick layers of earth effectively shield occupants from man-made electromagnetic radiation, which is emitted by various electronic devices and infrastructure. This protection can contribute to improved health and well-being for residents, as prolonged exposure to electromagnetic fields has been associated with certain health risks. Additionally, ground penetrating radar survey have also been employed to assess the structural integrity of cave houses, offering valuable insights into potential risks such as instability or collapse. This non-invasive technique allows for the detection of hidden cavities or weaknesses within the surrounding rock formations, enhancing safety measures for inhabitants.

Cave Hotel

Cave Hotel

Cave House

Cave House

Cave House

Cave House

Cave House in Baluchistan

Cave House in Baluchistan

Cave House in Utah

Cave House in Utah

Bhatar Construction in Northern Pakistan

Pakistan was hit by a devastating earthquake in October 2005. Soon afterward the government of Pakistan formed the Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority, commonly known as ERRA. ERRA created 11 training centers for the reconstruction of private homes destroyed in the earthquake. One of the techniques promoted in this reconstruction effort was the so-called "Bhatar" method of construction.

Bhatar consists of reinforced stone masonry where parallel horizontal timber beams are inserted into the stone masonry at regular intervals to ensure the coherence of the structure. This is a much more economical option than typical construction which requires transport of cement, bricks, and steel to remote mountainous regions. The houses constructed in this fashion are not only earthquake resilient but also energy efficient since the stone masonry acts as an insulator to heat and cold.

Bhatar Construction

Bhatar Construction

Bhatar House

Bhatar House